Mongolian traditional dance: Toiron Bujig (Circle Dancing) with Mongolian Shamans and people who is trying to protect Noyon Mountain.

In this article, you will explore the captivating world of Mongolian traditional dance known as Toiron Bujig, also referred to as Circle Dancing. This particular form of dance is performed by Mongolian shamans and people who are striving to protect Noyon Mountain. The video, edited by Munkhbayar, showcases a mesmerizing display of cultural expression and spiritual connection. Taking place in May 2017 near the Noyon Mountain in Mongolia, the dancers gracefully move in sync with the rhythmic beats of traditional Mongolian music. The traditional dance is divided into different sections, each with its own unique movements and symbolism. The article provides an intricate breakdown of the dance steps and the significance behind each section, offering readers a deep understanding of this rich and beautiful cultural tradition.

History of Mongolian Traditional Dance

Mongolian traditional dance has a rich history that dates back centuries. It is an integral part of Mongolian culture, reflecting the spiritual beliefs, customs, and way of life of the Mongolian people. The origins of Mongolian traditional dance can be traced back to ancient times when the Mongolian nomads, known as the Mongols, roamed the vast steppes of Central Asia.

Origins of Mongolian Traditional Dance

The origins of Mongolian traditional dance can be found in the nomadic lifestyle of the Mongols. As descendants of the great Mongol Empire, which once stretched from Eastern Europe to Asia, the Mongols developed a unique cultural identity, including their distinctive dance traditions. The dance forms were influenced by various factors, such as the natural environment, spiritual beliefs, and social interactions of the Mongolian people.

Importance of Dance in Mongolian Culture

Dance holds immense importance in Mongolian culture. It is not only a form of artistic expression but also a means of storytelling, celebration, and preservation of cultural heritage. Traditional dance plays a vital role in ceremonies, festivals, and other social gatherings, where it brings people together and creates a sense of unity. It is through dance that the Mongolian people connect with their roots and pass on their traditions to future generations.

Toiron Bujig: Circle Dancing

Toiron Bujig is one of the most prominent and beloved forms of Mongolian traditional dance. Also known as circle dancing, it involves a group of dancers forming a circle and performing synchronized movements to the rhythm of traditional Mongolian music. Toiron Bujig has deep roots in Mongolian folklore and is believed to have originated from shamanistic practices.

Explanation of Toiron Bujig

Toiron Bujig is characterized by its circular formation, with dancers holding hands or standing in close proximity to create a sense of unity and harmony. The dance movements are often fluid, graceful, and rhythmic, showcasing the elegance and beauty of the Mongolian culture. Each dancer follows a specific pattern of steps, creating intricate patterns within the circle.

Meaning and Symbolism of Toiron Bujig

Toiron Bujig is not just a dance; it carries profound meaning and symbolism. The circular formation represents the eternal nature of life and the interconnectedness of all beings. The dancers’ movements symbolize the harmony between humans and nature, as well as the balance between the physical and spiritual realms. Through their synchronized motions, the dancers convey stories and emotions, preserving the cultural heritage of the Mongolian people.

The Role of Mongolian Shamans

Shamans have played a significant role in Mongolian culture for centuries. They are spiritual leaders who connect the physical and spiritual worlds, serving as intermediaries between humans and the divine. In Mongolian traditional dance, shamans hold a special place as their practices and beliefs heavily influenced the development of various dance forms.

Shamans in Mongolian Culture

In Mongolian culture, shamans are highly revered and respected. They are believed to possess the power to communicate with spirits, heal the sick, and perform rituals to ensure the well-being of the community. Shamans are central figures in ceremonies and rituals, including traditional dance performances where they invoke the spirits and provide blessings for the dancers and the audience.

Shamanistic Practices in Noyon Mountain Protection

Noyon Mountain holds great significance in Mongolian folklore and is believed to be a sacred place inhabited by powerful spirits. The local community has a deep spiritual connection with this mountain and has taken various measures to protect its natural and spiritual integrity. Shamanistic practices play a crucial role in the protection of Noyon Mountain and are deeply intertwined with the traditional dance performances that take place in its vicinity.

People’s Efforts to Protect Noyon Mountain

Noyon Mountain is not only a spiritual site but also a vital part of the local community’s identity and livelihood. The mountain is believed to be a source of water, fertility, and prosperity, making it essential for the survival of the residents. In recent years, there have been increasing threats to the mountain due to urbanization and environmental degradation. In response, local activists and organizations have come together to protect and preserve Noyon Mountain for future generations.

Importance of Noyon Mountain to the Local Community

Noyon Mountain holds immense importance to the local community. It is considered a sacred site where the spirits of ancestors reside, and its natural beauty and serenity provide solace and inspiration to those who visit. The mountain is also a symbol of the rich cultural heritage of Mongolia and a reminder of the harmonious relationship between humans and nature.

Activist Initiatives to Preserve Noyon Mountain

To safeguard the cultural and ecological heritage of Noyon Mountain, numerous activist initiatives have been undertaken by the local community. These initiatives focus on raising awareness about the importance of the mountain, organizing clean-up campaigns, promoting sustainable tourism practices, and advocating for stricter environmental regulations. Traditional dance performances play a significant role in these initiatives, as they serve as a platform to showcase the deep connection between Noyon Mountain and Mongolian culture.

Traditional Dance Performances at Noyon Mountain

Noyon Mountain serves as a breathtaking backdrop for traditional dance performances that take place in its vicinity. Local artists, including dancers, musicians, and shamans, come together to create awe-inspiring shows that captivate audiences and showcase the unique cultural heritage of Mongolia.

Mongolian traditional dance: Toiron Bujig (Circle Dancing) with Mongolian Shamans and people who is trying to protect Noyon Mountain.

Toiron Bujig Performances by Local Artists

Toiron Bujig is often the highlight of these traditional dance performances. Local artists, renowned for their exceptional skills and creativity, bring the dance to life with their synchronized movements, elaborate costumes, and captivating storytelling. The performances are a testament to the resilience of Mongolian cultural traditions and serve as a reminder of the intrinsic bond between dance, nature, and spirituality.

Collaboration between Shamans and Dancers

The collaboration between shamans and dancers is a fundamental aspect of traditional dance performances at Noyon Mountain. The shamans invoke the spirits and perform rituals to bless the dancers and ensure their well-being. This collaboration not only elevates the spiritual significance of the performances but also strengthens the connection between humans, nature, and the divine.

Toiron Bujig’s Connection to Nature and Spirituality

Toiron Bujig embodies the interplay between nature and spirituality in Mongolian culture. The dance movements represent various natural elements such as wind, water, and mountains, bringing them to life through graceful motions. By engaging in Toiron Bujig, the dancers and the audience experience a profound connection with the natural world, fostering a sense of harmony and reverence for the environment.

Dance Movements Representing Natural Elements

Toiron Bujig incorporates dance movements that represent the natural elements of the Mongolian landscape. For example, swirling motions symbolize the wind sweeping across the vast steppes, while flowing gestures imitate the gentle flow of a river. These movements not only demonstrate the dancers’ skill and artistry but also evoke a sense of awe and appreciation for the beauty and power of nature.

Meditative and Healing Aspects of Toiron Bujig

Toiron Bujig has meditative and healing qualities that go beyond its artistic expression. The rhythmic movements and the mesmerizing music create a trance-like state, allowing the dancers and the audience to enter a peaceful and reflective state of mind. This meditative aspect of Toiron Bujig serves as a form of therapy, helping individuals find solace, release stress, and reconnect with their inner selves.

Significance of Noyon Mountain in Mongolian Culture

Noyon Mountain holds both mythological and historical significance in Mongolian culture. According to legend, the mountain is considered the dwelling place of Noyon Khan, a mythical figure associated with wisdom and divine protection. Throughout history, Noyon Mountain has served as a strategic location for various events, such as military campaigns and religious rituals, making it an important landmark in Mongolian history.

Mythological and Historical Importance of Noyon Mountain

The mythological importance of Noyon Mountain can be traced back to the Mongol Empire, where it was believed to be a sacred site protected by divine forces. The historical importance of the mountain is evident in its association with significant events in Mongolian history. It has witnessed the rise and fall of empires, the birth of great leaders, and the perseverance of the Mongolian people throughout the ages.

Spiritual Beliefs Associated with Noyon Mountain

Noyon Mountain holds a special place in the spiritual beliefs of the Mongolian people. It is believed to be a gateway between the physical and spiritual worlds, where shamans communicate with the spirits and seek protection and guidance. The mountain represents a spiritual realm where the balance between humans and nature is upheld, reinforcing the deep-rooted spiritual beliefs and connections of the Mongolian culture.

Documentary: ‘Ноён уулаа аваръя’

The documentary ‘Ноён уулаа аваръя’ (Protecting Noyon Mountain) sheds light on the significance of Noyon Mountain and its connection to Mongolian traditional dance. The documentary explores the efforts of local communities, activists, and artists to preserve the cultural and natural heritage of the mountain.

Overview of the Documentary

The documentary provides an in-depth exploration of the spiritual, cultural, and environmental importance of Noyon Mountain. Through interviews with local residents, shamans, dancers, and environmental activists, the documentary tells the story of the mountain and its profound impact on Mongolian culture. It showcases the unique traditions, rituals, and performances associated with Noyon Mountain, highlighting the challenges and successes in protecting this sacred site.

Interviews with Participants and Organizers

The documentary features interviews with various participants and organizers involved in the preservation of Noyon Mountain. Dancers discuss the significance of Toiron Bujig and its connection to the mountain, while shamans share their spiritual experiences and rituals. Environmental activists and community leaders discuss the challenges faced in protecting Noyon Mountain and the initiatives taken to raise awareness and seek government support.

Impact of the Documentary on Mongolian Dance

The documentary has had a significant impact on the appreciation and recognition of Mongolian traditional dance. It has brought international attention to the cultural heritage of Mongolia, sparking interest and admiration for the unique dance forms and their connection to Noyon Mountain. The documentary serves as a powerful tool to educate and inspire people around the world about the importance of preserving cultural traditions and protecting sacred sites.

The Future of Mongolian Traditional Dance

Preserving and promoting Mongolian traditional dance presents both challenges and opportunities for the future. It is essential to maintain the authenticity and cultural integrity of the dance forms while adapting to the changing times. Efforts should be made to ensure the transmission of knowledge and skills to younger generations, encouraging them to embrace and carry forward the traditions.

Challenges and Opportunities for Preserving Traditional Dance

One of the challenges faced in preserving traditional dance is the rapid urbanization and modernization of Mongolia. Efforts must be made to safeguard traditional dance forms from disappearing under the influence of globalization and westernization. However, there are opportunities for international collaboration and exchange, which can contribute to the preservation and promotion of Mongolian traditional dance on a global scale.

Potential for International Recognition and Collaboration

Mongolian traditional dance has the potential to gain international recognition and appreciation. As more people from around the world become aware of its cultural significance and artistic beauty, there is an opportunity for collaboration with international dance companies, cultural organizations, and festivals. Such collaborations can foster cultural exchange, promote diversity, and create new avenues for the preservation and promotion of Mongolian traditional dance.


Mongolian traditional dance is a precious cultural heritage that reflects the history, spirituality, and way of life of the Mongolian people. The deep connection between dance, Noyon Mountain, and spirituality underscores the profound bond between humans and the natural world. By preserving and promoting Mongolian traditional dance, we not only safeguard our cultural heritage but also celebrate the beauty and diversity of our global community. Let us continue to cherish and nurture this art form, ensuring its preservation for generations to come.

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